22 May 2017
21 May 2017 – Be Prepared
Rain and wind make moth identification troublesome. This metallic-winged micromoth was not only quite small but seemed keen to be on its travels. I thought the photograph above would be sufficient for a positive identification and looking in the Lewington guide it seemed it must be one of four, metallic-winged moths. Then I looked back through the blog to find that on 17 June 2016, Jane (with Charlie Fletcher’s advice) had recorded a Coleophora maybella as a new species to the garden, identified by its stripey antennae (see below).
My latest photograph is not clear enough to be sure which of the Coleophora this one is. Does the fact that the antennae are not stripey (or are they at the tips?) mean that this is not identified but nonetheless new?Had I taken a little more time, been properly prepared and recorded a clearer image, I would now be sure.
The rest of Thursday night’s trap contained familiar species but I needed to double check using the various websites and books that are guides to help the uncertain recorder.
|Cinnabar (Tyria jacobaeae)|
Easy to spot, the Cinnabar is very welcome, although there is no ragwort in the quarry. The caterpillar (a bright, boldly striped yellow and black creature) is invariably seen on the flowering heads of the food plant. There was one plant in the quarry a couple of years ago but for some reason it never appeared again – perhaps the victim of an over zealous horse-rider with a tendency to explode at the sight of Jacobaea vulgaris. The moth does fly during the day so it might have drifted in from the surrounding pasture. Only seen once before at Shandy Hall.
|Muslin moths (Diaphora mendica)|
A couple of male Muslin Moths. The distinct grey of the male and the white of the female is recorded in the scientific name – diaphora means ‘distinction’; mendica meaning ‘beggar’, referring to the mousy colour of the male; or it could also be associated with the Carmelite order where the friars wear white. Take your pick. Either way I haven’t yet seen a female but they tend to fly during the day. This could be a problem for the species but maybe dusk and dawn are their times of celebration. Dock, plantain and red dead-nettle are food sources for the larvae – non of the latter here but plenty of dock and plantain.
|Waved Umber (Menophra abruptaria)|
The Waved Umber stays very still. The stillness is accentuated by the pattern on the wings which form the shape of an abruptly ended series of crescent shapes, or ‘eyebrow’ (ophrus) of the ‘moon’ (mene). Some moths seem to display moods and this could be an example of austerity. The caterpillar feeds on the leaves of the shrub below – lilac – at the moment in full bloom. Winter flowering Jasmine and privet are also suitable for the pupa to overwinter and hatch in the Spring as this one has done
|Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)|
|Lesser Swallow Prominent (Pheosia gnoma)|
The Lesser Swallow Prominent is high on the list of moths flying in May. Relatively easy to identify, it can be confused with the slightly larger (but not always) Swallow Prominent (Pheosia tremula). The Lesser will lay eggs on Silver Birch and Downy Birch trees, whilst the Swallow Prominent will choose willows and sallows.
|Grey Dagger (Acronicta psi)|
The Grey Dagger and the Dark Dagger are so alike that they are recorded as the same species, unless dissection is to take place. The photograph was taken late in the evening while the rain was teeming down. The deep black dagger markings embedded in the grey background are dramatic.
|Brown Silver-line (Petrophora chlorosata)|
The last moth on this list is the Brown Silver-line, appearing as if ready to zoom off into the skies.
|Brown Silver-line (Lozogramma petraria)|
‘Found wherever ferns grow’ it says in British Moths and their Transformations (1845). This now reads as ‘bracken’ and it seems no alternative plants will suit the caterpillar. I have unable to trace the meaning of the scientific name – although writing and stones seem to be part of it.
Other moths in the trap included Bright-line Brown-Eye, Brimstone, Small Magpie, Poplar Hawkmoth and Spectacle. The weather seems promising so a trap on Thursday for the National Garden Scheme opening on Friday may produce a new species to the garden.